Toni L. Griffin is Professor of Architecture and Director, J. Max Bond Center, Spitzer School of Architecture, City College of New York, CUNY. She has worked in both the public and private sectors, combining the practice of architecture, urban design and planning with the execution of innovative, large-scale, mixed-use urban redevelopment projects, and citywide and neighborhood planning strategies. She is currently creating a long-range development plan for the City of Detroit through its “Detroit Works” program. She has been Director for the Division of Planning and Community Development for the City of Newark, New Jersey; Vice President and Director of Design for the Anacostia Waterfront Corporation in Washington, DC; Deputy Director for Revitalization Planning in the D.C. Office of Planning, where she oversaw large-scale redevelopment projects for the downtown, waterfront, commercial corridors, and citywide neighborhood planning; and Vice President for Planning & Tourism Development for the Upper Manhattan Empowerment Zone Development Corporation in New York City. Griffin began her career as an architect with Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP in Chicago, where she became an Associate Partner involved in architecture and urban design projects. She holds a Bachelor's of Architecture degree from the University of Notre Dame and was a Loeb Fellow at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University.