M. NourbeSe Philip is a poet and writer and lawyer who was born in Tobago and now lives in Toronto. Although primarily a poet, NourbeSe Philip also writes fiction and non-fiction. She has published three books of poetry, Thorns (l980), Salmon Courage (1983), and She Tries Her Tongue; Her Silence Softly Breaks (1988). In l988, Philip won the prestigious Casa de las Americas prize for the manuscript version of her book, She Tries Her Tongue; Her Silence Softly Breaks. Philip’s short stories, essays, reviews and articles have appeared in magazines and journals in North America and England, and her poetry has been extensively anthologized. Her work - poetry, fiction and non-fiction is taught widely at the university level and is the subject of much academic writing and critique. She has taught creative fiction at the third year level at York University.