Khalil Gibran Muhammad is the Director of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library. He is a former professor of African-American history at Indiana University and the author of The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America, which won the American Studies Association John Hope Franklin Publication Prize. Muhammad is now working on his second book, Disappearing Acts: The End of White Criminality in the Age of Jim Crow, which traces the historical roots of the changing demographics of crime and punishment so evident today. He has been an Associate Editor of The Journal of American History, and was recently appointed to the Editorial Board of Transition Magazine, published by the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute at Harvard University.